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 S Surnames Family History Resources


Surnames, their origin and their meaning

Many surnames are associated with the place/locality of where the family lived and in those cases the location is noted as the meaning.
Many surnames are associated with the occupation of the person given the name.

eXpertGenealogy.com is a directory of Professional Genealogists, Ancestry and Family Tree Researchers.

Surname Origin Meaning
Sackville Latin Latin De Sicca villa, that is, from the dry town
Safford Locality Locality Seaford, a town of Sussex, England
Salazar Spain Spanish Basque Zaraitzu
Sales Germany German hall or court
Salisbury Saxon Saxon capital of Wiltshire, England
Salter Several languages occupation one who sells salt
Saltz Germany German Saltzman
Saltzman Germany German Saltzman
Sanchez Spain Spanish Basque Zaraitzu
Sandford Locality Locality a place in Westmoreland, England
Sandler Germany German a person who carts sand
Sands Denmark Danish Sense, wit
Sangster Scotland Scottish singer
Santiago Spain Spanish Sant Iago
Sanxay France French Town in Poitou, France
Sarisbury Saxon Saxon capital of Wiltshire, England
Saterlee Saxon Saxon where Saturn was worshiped
Saxe Holland Dutch Saxon
Saxton Surname Sexton
Scarborough Saxon Saxon the seaport and borough of Scarborough, in Yorkshire, England
Scardsdale Saxon Saxon A valley in Devonshire, England
Scarret Locality Locality Scear, a rocky cliff
Schadeck Locality Locality lordship in Germany
Schafer Germany German shepherd
Schaffer Holland Dutch He that dishes up or provides victuals
Schell England English A spring
Schellden England English schell, a spring, and dene, a valley
Schenck Germany German schenke, an inn or public house
Schenker Germany German publican
Scherer Germany German barber
Schermerhorn Holland Dutch Shermer, a fencer, and hoorn, a horn
Schlosser Germany German locksmith
Schluter Germany German supply keeper
Schmidt Germany German smith
Schmuker Germany German decorator
Schneider Germany German tailer
Schoonhoven Holland Dutch town in South Holland
Schoonmaker Holland Dutch Schoenmaker, a shoe-maker
Schreiber Germany German secretary or scribe
Schreiner Germany German cabinet maker
Schroeder Germany German tailor
Schubert Germany German shoemaker or shoeseller
Schuler Germany German pupil
Schulman Germany German school man
Schultheis Germany German village mayor
Schultz Germany German village mayor
Schumacher Germany German shoemaker
Schuman Germany German shoemaker
Schuster Germany German shoemaker
Schuyler Holland Dutch Van Schuyler, from the place of shelter
Schwartz Germany German blacksmith
Scott Surname A native of Scotland
Scranton Holland Dutch From schrantsen, to tear, seize, or break
Scroggs Locality Locality Scrog, a stunted shrub, bush, or branch
Scudmore Cornwall Cornish-British scoudh, or scuth, the shoulders, and mor, big, large
Seaford Locality Locality seaport town in Sussex, England
Seaforth Locality Locality a projection of the sea on the east coast of Lewis, on the Long Island, Scotland
Seaman Surname sailor
Sears Cornwall Cornish-British sair, a carpenter or sawyer
Searson Surname Son of Sears
Seaton Locality Locality a parish in Perthshire
Seaver Celtic Gaelic Saibher, rich
Sebright Saxon Saxon Se=The + bright
Sedgwick Surname Sedge, grasslike or rushlike plant, wick, a town or harbor
Segur Germany German sieg, victory
Seix Locality Locality A town in Arriege, France
Selby Locality Locality A market-town in west Yorkshire, England
Selkirk Locality Locality A borough town of Scotland. Cellkirk, a religious house
Sellenger Surname St. Leger
Sellick Surname A place with an open view, remarkable, conspicuous
Semard Surname St. Medard
Semour Surname St. Maurus
Semple Surname St. Paul
Seton Locality Locality Lands in Haddingtonshire, Scotland
Severins Locality Locality Mountains in Languedoc, France
Severn Locality Locality A river rising in the mountain Plynlimmon, in Wales
Sewall Surname sea wall
Seward Surname sea, and ward, a keeper
Sewell Surname sea wall
Seymour Surname St. Maurus
Shaddock Locality Locality lordship in Germany
Shan Celtic Celtic shanty, an old house
Shanach Celtic Gaelic Sionnach, a fox
Shane Celtic Celtic John
Shannon Celtic Gaelic a river of Ireland
Shaw Scotland Scottish lawn
Sheldon Cornwall Cornish-British schell, a spring, and dene, a small valley
Shelley Locality Locality in Essex, Suffolk
Sheppy Locality Locality an island in the county of Kent
Sherard Surname Scirrard, who came with William the Conqueror
Sherlock Celtic Gaelic Saor, pronounced as with 'h' after the 'S,' signifying clear, and loch, a lake
Sherman Surname shearman, one who used to shear cloth
Sherwood Saxon Saxon sher (scir), clear, and wood, a clearing in the wood
Shiel Locality Locality A river and loch or lake, in the south-west of Inverness-shire, Scotland
Sholtis Germany German Schultheiss, a mayor, magistrate
Short Surname stature
Shrewsbury Locality Locality A town in Shropshire, England
Shrieves Surname A sheriff, from scir and reeve, the bailiff of a shire or division
Shuck Holland Dutch twelve or a dozen, and is applied to sheaves in a harvest field
Shuckburgh Locality Locality A place in Warwickshire, England
Shurtliff Locality Locality short cliff
Shute Locality Locality the castle of Shute, in Normandy, France
Shuter Surname shoemaker
Siddons Wales Welsh syddyn, a farm
Sigurd Surname Segur, powerful
Sikes Locality Locality A small spring well
Simeon Hebrew Hebrew Hearing
Simmons Surname Simeon
Simple Surname St. Paul
Simpson Scotland Scottish Son of Sim or Simon
Sims Surname Son of Sim or Simon
Sinclair Surname St. Clair
Sinden Surname St. John
Singen Surname St. John
Sisson Locality Locality Sissonne, a town in France
Skeffington Saxon Saxon sceap, a sheep, and ton, a town
Skelton Saxon Saxon The hill of separation or boundary
Skene Celtic Gaelic Sgian, and three dirk-points in pale for his arms
Skidmore Cornwall Cornish-British scoudh, or scuth, the shoulders, and mor, big, large
Slack Locality Locality A valley, or small shallow dell
Slade Locality Locality A long flat piece or slip of ground between hills
Slaven Celtic Celtic sliabh, a mountain, a mountaineer
Sleeper Holland Dutch A cartman, or one who carries goods on a sledge
Smith Saxon Anglo-Saxon Smitan, to smite or strike
Snell Holland Dutch Snel, agile, swift nimble
Snodgrass Locality Locality Grass trimmed and smooth
Snow Holland Dutch Snoo, cunning, subtle, crafty, sly
Snyder Germany German schneider, a tailor
Solden Locality Locality A town in Westphalia, Germany
Somer Wales Gaelic-Welsh so for swl or sal, soil, and mer, a lake, water, the sea
Somerville Surname So mer, a marshy soil, near water or the sea
Sommer France French to sum or cast up
Somner Surname One whose duty consisted in citing delinquents to the ecclesiastical courts; an apparitor; literally, a summoner
Sompnnoure Surname One whose duty consisted in citing delinquents to the ecclesiastical courts; an apparitor; literally, a summoner
Soto Spain Spanish grove
Soule Locality Locality A small territory in France, between Bearn and the Lower Navarre
Southcote Surname south cot
Southwell Locality Locality A town in Nottinghamshire, England
Spaaren Locality Locality A river in North Holland
Spalding Locality Locality the town of Spalding, in Lincolnshire, England
Spark Surname To disperse, to scatter, to sparkle
Spelman Denmark Danish Spillemand, a fiddler
Spence Normandy Norman-French Le Despenser, a steward
Spencer Normandy Norman-French Le Despenser, a steward
Spicer Several languages occupation grocer
Spiegel Holland Dutch looking-glass
Spier Surname Spere, to ask, to inquire
Spink Surname finch
Spoor Holland Dutch spur
Spotten Germany German To mock, deride, ridicule
Sprague Holland Dutch speech
St. Albans Locality Locality A town in Hertfordshire, England
Staats Holland Dutch Eustace, or Eustatius
Stacy Latin Latin Sto, to stand, stationed, standing still, fixed
Staines Surname market town in Middlesex, England
Stair Celtic Gaelic Stepping stones in a river
Stairn Celtic Gaelic Din, noise
Stalker Surname A fowler who goes warily and softly in pursuit of his game
Stanhope Locality Locality Town in the bishopric of Durham, England
Stanley Locality Locality A market-town in Gloucestershire, England
Stanton Surname stan, a stone, and ton, a hill or town
Stanwood Saxon Saxon stan, a stone, and wood
Stapleton Surname Stapleton stapel, stapol, stapula, a staple, fastening, stake, and ton
Stark Germany German Starck, strong, firm, confirmed to the utmost degree
Starkey Surname Strong of body
Starr Germany German Stiff, rigid, inflexible
Stead Surname A place enclosed, a station or standing place
Steane Denmark Danish-Dutch stone
Stearns Surname Severe in look, harsh, bold
Stebbins Locality Locality originally Stubing, in Essex, England
Steele Surname inflexible, hard, firm, or enduring
Steen Denmark Danish-Dutch stone
Stein Locality Locality A town in the isle of Sky, Scotland
Steinhauer Germany German stonecutter
Stell Germany German A place, station, office
Stemme Denmark Danish Voice, vote, suffrage
Stennett Denmark Danish stenet, stony, rocky
Stern Surname Severe in look, harsh, bold
Stetson Denmark Danish stepson
Stevens Greek Greek crown
Stevenson Scotland Scottish Son of Steven
Stewart Surname Lord High Steward of Scotland
Still Surname Quiet, calm, silent
Stimands Denmark Danish Stimand, a robber, highwayman
Stirling Locality Locality city of Stirling
Stocker Surname One who stocks, stores, or supplies
Stocking Saxon Saxon Stoc, a place, and ing, low land, a meadow
Stockton Locality Locality A town in Durham, on the Tees, England
Stoddard Surname De La Standard
Stokes Locality Locality towns in Suffolk and Gloucestershire, England
Stokesby Locality Locality Stugeby, the village in the ravine
Stone Locality Locality A town in England
Storr Denmark Danish From storre, greater, larger, stout, strong
Stoughton Locality Locality Stoche or Stoke, a place in Surrey, England, and tun, a word signifying an inclosure
Stover Denmark Danish fleet hound
Stowe Surname A fixed place or mansion
Strachan Celtic Gaelic the parish of Strachan in Kincardineshire, Scotland, formerly Strathaen
Strain Locality Locality A town in the north of Scotland, written Strane
Stratton Cornwall Cornish-British The hill full of fresh springs
Stretton Cornwall Cornish-British The hill full of fresh springs
Strickland Surname Strick-land or Stirkland, that is, 'the pasture ground of young cattle,' called stirks or steers
Stringer Surname One who made or fitted the strings to the bows in the time of archery
Stryker Denmark Danish strige, to strike, to roam, to travel
Stubbins Locality Locality Stebbings, originally Stubing, in Essex, England
Studebaker Germany German pastry baker
Stukeby Locality Locality Stugeby, the village in the ravine
Stukley Celtic Gaelic stuc, a little hill jutting out from a greater, a cliff, and ley, a place
Stukly Celtic Gaelic stuc, a little hill jutting out from a greater, a cliff, and ley, a place
Sullivan Celtic Celtic suil, eye, and ban, fair
Sully France French the town in the province of Orleans, France
Sult Celtic Gaelic Suilt or Sult, comeliness, beauty, fat
Summer Celtic Celtic-Gaelic samh, the sun
Sumner Surname One whose duty consisted in citing delinquents to the ecclesiastical courts; an apparitor; literally, a summoner
Sumpter Surname A teamster or groom who drives beasts of burden
Sunderland Surname A seaport town in the county of Durham, England
Surtees Locality Locality Sur-Tees, that is, on the river Tees or Tay, in the county of Durham, England
Suter Surname A shoemaker, one who sews or stitches
Sutherland Scotland Scottish the former county in Scotland
Sutphen Holland Dutch the city of Zutphen, in Germany
Sutter Surname A shoemaker, one who sews or stitches
Sutton Locality Locality A town in Devonshire, England
Swaim Locality Locality Schwaim, a town in lower Bavaria
Swane Denmark Danish Swain, a youth, a servant, a herdsman
Swartwout Holland Dutch Zwart, black, and woud, a wood.
Sweeney Ireland Irish son of Suibhne
Sweet Surname Swede
Swettenham Surname sweete, pleasant or agreeable, and ham, a village
Sweyne Celtic Gaelic Sean
Swift Locality Locality swiftness in moving
Swinburn Locality Locality Sweyne's burn or boundary
Swits Holland Dutch A Swiss, a native of Switzerland
Switzer Surname A Swiss, a native of Switzerland
Sylvester Latin Latin Sylva a wood
Symes Surname Simon or Simeon
Symington Locality Locality a parish in the north-west of Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland

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